If there is no serial number near the cranks, you should check other common places including the front headset or rear stays. The diagram (below) indicates five of the most common serial number locations. How to Register without a Serial Number. If you can’t find a serial number, you can still register your bicycle with DPS.
Early Nishiki Logo: The early Nishiki logo derived from the American Eagle logo, which was largely identical and featured an eagle head along with the tri-color square. Kawamura Cycle, the original manufacturer of Nishiki bikes, had used a tri-color square in its domestic marketing — the three colors symbolizing passion for the customer (red), quality products (yellow) and sincerity in business (blue). WCC sought and received permission from Kawamura to use the same mark within the Nishiki logo and in their company marketing.
Registering a bike requires you to know its serial number. But do you know how to find the number, or what it even looks like? This short video explains how serial numbers work, the most common locations on a bike, and what to do if you can't find the serial number. I recently ordered a copy of Bicycle Sports from 1984,. Rigid, univega MTBs from the 80s. The serial number is M5-C1232. A Univega Viva Sport. Not the Univega Viva Sport I am. Once I was grown and he moved to Florida he started riding more than I did for a number of.Hull ID Numbers Play the Numbers. Univega is a brand of bicycles, created during the bike boom of the 1970s by Ben Lawee (1926–2002) — who founded Lawee Inc. To design, specify and import bicycles manufactured initially in Italy by Italvega and subsequently in Japan by Miyata. Here's a saddle I stole from another Univega and reupholstered, using some suede from an old thrift store jacket. Turned out pretty well, I think, and the color complements the frame nicely. Since taking these photos, I've had a chance to take the bike on a few test rides and I'm impressed.
Ten speed road bike
Manufacturer: Kawamura Cycles, Kobe, Japan
U.S. Importer: West Coast Cycle
Frame: Lugged, plain gauge Cromoly
Fork: high-tensile steel
Rear Derailleur Suntour Cyclone
Front Derailleur: Suntour Cyclone
Stem Shifters: Suntour
Brakes: Dia-compe, single pivot side-pull
Rims: Araya 27 x 1.25, 36 count spokes
Crank: Sugino Super Maxy
Seat stem: LaPrade
handlebars, saddle, chrome cable guides, rear rack
Nishiki is a brand of bicycles designed, specified, marketed and distributed by West Coast Cycle in the United States, initially manufactured by Kawamura Cycle Co. in Kobe, Japan, and subsequently by Giant of Taiwan. The bicycles were first marketed under the American Eagle brand beginning in 1965 and later under the Nishiki brand until 2001.
Throughout the U.S. bike boom of the 1970s and into the 1980s, Nishiki and West Coast Cycle competed with domestic companies including Schwinn, Huffy, and Murray; European companies including Raleigh, Peugeot and Motobecane—as well as other nascent Japanese brands including Miyata, Fuji, Bridgestone, Panasonic, Univega, Lotus and Centurion—itself a line of Japanese-manufactured bicycles that were specified, distributed and marketed by Western States Imports (WSI), a U.S. company similar to West Coast Cycle. Japanese-manufactured bikes succeeded in the U.S. market until currency fluctuations in the late 1980s made them less competitive, leading companies to source bicycles from Taiwan.
As of 2013, Nishiki Europe markets bicycle models in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. In 2010, Dick's Sporting Goods acquired the licensing rights to the Nishiki brand for the U.S. market and began marketing Nishiki-branded bicycles and accessories.
West Coast Cycle and the Cohens
West Coast Cycle was founded by Leo Cohen Sr. and RosaBelle Cohen who had previously been partners in Wheel Goods Corporation in Minneapolis, later moving to Los Angeles in 1946 to purchase an existing retail bicycle store, Atlas Cycle, renaming it Playrite Bicycle Supply Co.. The Cohens subsequently founded a bicycle, parts and accessory distribution company in the late 1950s, naming it West Coast Cycle Supply Company. They operated the company — widely known as West Coast Cycle (or WCC) — with their daughter Louise and sons Leo Jr. and Howie (Howard Sherwin Cohen). Howie Cohen subsequently took over the business, followed by his brother.
When Cohen Sr. died in 1963, Howie Cohen traveled to Japan to find new sources for bicycles, and especially, a Japanese bicycle factory capable of producing high quality bikes that would be welcomed by U.S. independent bike dealers and the bicycling community; bicycles that would be able to compete with American and European-built bicycles.
After visiting over 60 bicycles factories over a period of six weeks, Cohen turned to Kawamura Cycles. Kawamura had produced quality bicycles for the Japan domestic market, but at the directive of their overseas buyers, had produced lower-quality, lower-priced bicycles for the U.S. market, for example, under the brand name 'Royce Union.' Non us resident drivers license.
Cohen also created working relationships with Japanese bicycle parts manufacturers including Asahi, Araya, Dia-Compe, Kashima, Kusuki, Kyokuto (KKT), Mikashima (MKS), Mitsuboshi, Taihei, Sanshin, Shimano, Sugino, Takagi, Suntour and others. Cohen travelled to Japan 8-10 times per year while developing his brands (American Eagle, Nishiki, Azuki and CyclePro).
Cohen placed his initial order for 570 bikes with Kawamura, selling them under the American Eagle brand. WCC sold tens of thousands of American Eagle bikes before changing the name — when a customer suggested it was disingenuous to put such an American-sounding name on a Japanese product.
WCC wanted a new, Japanese name that was easy to pronounce, with an inoffensive translation — and a name not easily mispronounced for comic or derisive effect. Cohen held a contest with Kawamura factory workers for Japanese names, choosing Nishiki for WCC's primary, nationwide line of bikes (after Saga Nishiki and the gold Nishiki thread often woven into wedding kimonos) — and Azuki for the secondary bicycle line (after the sweetened, red Azuki bean), using the chrysanthemum as the Azuki logo.
A second line allowed WCC to market essentially identical bikes through more than a single dealership in a sales territory. Louisville Cycle & Supply (Louisville, KY) were sub-distributors for both brands in the Southeast, and Pettee Cycle (Denver, CO) were sub-distributors of both brands in Colorado and surrounding states. Kawamura trademarked both names for the Japanese Domestic Market and Europe, WCC trademarked the brands for the USA. Early promotional material for American Eagle and Nishiki lines often carried the tagline 'KB Bicycles' or simply 'KB' — signifying 'Kawamura-Built.' WCC continued also to market the bicycle brands of Mundo, Caloi, Windsor, Zeus, and Mondia.
Howie Cohen served as President of WCC from 1965 until his retirement in 1976, with WCC subsequently operated by his brother, Leo Jr. and outside investors. Through the 1980s WCC continued to sell Nishiki bikes produced by Kawamura. International currency fluctuations in the late 1980s made Japanese-manufactured bicycles far more expensive and less competitive in the United States, leading WCC to move Nishiki production to Giant of Taiwan. Leo Cohen and his associates later sold West Coast Cycle to Medalist — with Derby International eventually acquiring the rights from West Coast Cycle to market bikes under the Nishiki brand in the United States.
After manufacture of Nishiki bikes shifted to Giant, Kawamura continued manufacturing bicycles for the Japanese and European markets (including private label bikes for Takara, Schwinn, and others), to be subsequently acquired by the sporting goods company Mizuno.
Howie Cohen later founded the company Everything Bicycles, working with Kuwahara to build and import BMX bikes carrying the Kuwahara brand name, developing the first major BMX distributorship — and ultimately supplying Kuwahara bicycles for the 1982 movie E.T. and securing the right to market the 'ET Bicycle.' To make the Kuwahara brand name a household word, Cohen ran a promotion giving free stickers to children who called a toll-free phone number and could correctly pronounce the brand name. In 1989, Cohen sold the Kuwahara name back to the Japanese parent company. In 1992, Cohen returned to the bicycle industry to assist the Gary Fisher bike brand — 18 months later brokering the acquisition of Gary Fisher Mountain Bikes by Trek Bicycle Corporation.
Cohen later worked as a consultant in the bicycle industry for several companies, including Rotor Componentes of Spain,  and subsequently retired from Lomita, California to Colorado where he and his wife, Kay (Kay Piercy Guithues Cohen) catalogued his collection of bicycling memorabilia and maintained his website, HowieBikeMan.com.
When Howie Cohen died on July 11, 2013, Bicycle Retailer said he was 'a hugely influential figure in developing the U.S. BMX market and arguably the first person to bring high-quality Asian-made bikes to America.' retired from Lomita, California
From 1989 through 2001, Derby International marketed bikes in the United States under the Nishiki as well as Univega and Raleigh brand names. Some of the all terrain bikes and mountain bike models were designed in partnership with famed mountain bike designer and Mountain Bike Hall of Fame member R. Cunningham and have his name on the frames. These Nishiki models, though manufactured outside Japan (e.g., in Taiwan, by Giant Bicycles and possibly in Italy by Colnago, Olmo or Viner) often carried the name Nashiki and some of the same model names as had been used on the Kuwahara-built bicycles. The brand name Nishiki was retired by Derby in 2001 in North America. As of 2010, Nishiki-branded bicycles, manufactured by Accell Group were available for sale again in the U.S. at Dick's Sporting Goods. Dick's had obtained licensing rights to the Nishiki Bike brand in the U.S.
Currently (2013), Nishiki Europe, an unrelated group of European distributors markets bicycle models in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. Nishiki bikes had previously been also marketed in Norway, Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Estonia.
- Aero, Aero II
- Arrow Speed
- Cervino (possibly uncataloged)
- Citi Sport
- Comp, Comp II and Comp III
- Custom Sport
- Expedition (made in Taiwan)
- Gran Sport
- Gran Tour 15 (probable precursor to Ultra Tour 18)
- International (earlier named Kokusai)
- Kokushi (later renamed International)
- Maxima (possibly uncataloged, frame only)
- NFS Alpha
- NFS Beta
- NFS Altron
- Olympiad (American Eagle)
- Olympic, Olympic Royal
- Race Master
- Road Compe
- Road Master
- Saga (Cunningham Design drop bar ATB)
- Semi-Pro (American Eagle)
- Sport, Custom Sport
- Stony Point (mountain bike)
- Team Issue
- Trim Master
- Ultima (possibly uncatalogued)
- Ultra Tour (uncatalogued, possibly specified by one store in Southern California, USA)
- Ultra Tour 18 (probable successor to Gran Tour 15)
Serial Numbers for Nishiki bikes were decoded by Tom Marshall, Canadian engineer, racer and runner, using a trial and error database methodology.
Kawamura manufactured frames (1972–1987): These frames used a serial number XYZZZZZ format where:
- X is the market (C = Canada (pre-1985) K = USA (pre 1985) W = USA (1985–1987)).
- Y is the last digit of the manufacturing calendar year (A =1, B = 2, C = 3… J = 0. Exception is letter S, used on all frames prior to 1975).
- ZZZZZ is a five or six digit number, possibly representing a sequential frame manufacturing number for the year (or era in the case of pre 1975 frames).
- Example 1: KA24587 is the 24,587th frame produced in 1981 for the US market
- Example 2: CG23117 is the 23,117th frame produced in 1977 for the Canadian market
- Example 3: WE54612 is the 54,612th frame produced in 1985 for the US market
Giant manufactured frames (1980-1986*): With a date code generally stamped on the dropout on the drive side of the bike, these frames used a two part serial number in a G MM YY format, where:
- G = Giant.
- MM = month (01 = Jan, 02 = Feb, etc.).
- YY = year (80 = 1980, 81 = 1981, etc.).
- Example: G0384 is a Giant-manufactured frame from March 1984
Univega Activa Bicycle
- Giant Manufacturing - Giant was the original equipment manufacturer for Nishiki of Japan for several years.
- ^ abcdefghij'A lifetime in the Bicycle Industry, Howie Cohen'. Bicycle Industry and Retailer News, Steve Frothingham, August 1, 1999.
- ^ ab'Bicycles in his blood'. Kickstand Magazine, James Burrus, August 15, 2009. Archived from the original on April 30, 2010.
- ^'Southern California Retrospective'. Bicycle Retailer and Industry News, Jason Norman, 5/29/2009.
- ^ abcde'Early BMX Pioneers'. American Bicycle Association BMX. Archived from the original on 2008-08-16.
- ^ ab'Bicycles Appear Everywhere in Collectors Home'. The NewsPress, December 8, 1989.
- ^'Beloved industry figure Howie Cohen, 74, dies'. Bicycle Retailer, July 12, 2013.
- ^A Nishiki History
- ^Japanese Bicycles in the U.S. Market
- Official Website for the European company (Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden)
|Founded||1890; 129 years ago|
Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki 210 - 0005,
|Owner||Morita Holdings Corporation (70%)|
Merida Bikes (30%)
|Footnotes / references|
Miyata is a Japanese manufacturer of bicycles, unicycles and fire extinguishers. The company has been in operation since 1890. Miyata was also one of the first producers of motorcycles in Japan under the name Asahi. The Asahi AA was the first mass-produced motorcycle in Japan.
Miyata claims to have been the first Japanese manufacturer of flash-butt welded frame tubes (1946) and the first to use electrostatic painting (1950).
Miyata was founded by Eisuke Miyata (1840-1900), a bowyer and engineer from Tokyo who also made components for rickshaws. Eisuke's second son, Eitarō, apprenticed in a local munitions facility and later earned a degree in mechanical engineering from Kyoto University. In 1874, Eisuke moved the family to Shiba and in 1881 opened Miyata Manufacturing in Kyōbashi, Tokyo. The factory produced guns for the Imperial Japanese Army including the Murata rifle, and knives for the Navy. In 1889, a foreigner visited Miyata to ask the gunmakers to repair his bicycle. The engineers repaired the bicycle, and the company began to repair bicycles as a side business.:31
In 1890, Miyata opened a new factory in Kikukawa, and the company was renamed Miyata Gun Works. Eitarō manufactured the first Miyata prototype bicycle in 1890, using rifle barrels produced at the factory. The early success of Miyata's bicycles was boosted by a request in 1892 from crown prince Yoshihito (later Emperor Taishō) to build him a bicycle. Nonetheless, Miyata halted production of bicycles to focus exclusively on arms manufacture during the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95.:31–32
Japan changed its laws in 1900 to allow the import of foreign rifles, and the subsequent flooding of the market with cheap imports hurt Miyata's business badly. Upon Eisuke's death on 6 June, Eitarō converted the business entirely to bicycle manufacturing, producing bicycles under the Asahi and Pāson brands. Miyata's entire production of Asahi bicycles was purchased by the Imperial Army until the end of the Russo-Japanese War in 1905.:31–32
Miyata began developing automobile technology in 1907. Miyata's first automobile, also named Asahi, debuted at the Kansai Prefectural Association Exhibition in 1910. The first Asahi automobile was a two-passenger car with an air-cooled, two-cylinder engine.:33
Motorcycles gained popularity in Japan in the early years of the 20th century as foreigners began bringing British and German machines to the country. The Japanese government officially allowed commercial import of foreign motorcycles beginning in 1909, creating a market for businesses selling imported machines, as well as domestic designs incorporating foreign components. Miyata produced the first all-Japanese motorcycle in 1913,:9 also under the Asahi name, based on a British Triumph design. However, at the time motor vehicles were a luxury item and imported motorcycles were seen as fashionable and desirable over locally made machines, and the Asahi sold fewer than 40 units before production was discontinued in 1916.:9
Over the next two decades, Japanese manufacturers caught up to imported brands, and the rise of motorsports and motor clubs made motorcycles more accessible to the Japanese public.:10 Miyata returned to motorcycle production with the Asahi AA in 1933. The AA was the first mass-produced Japanese motorcycle, and was highly successful, leading to construction of a new plant at Kamata in 1938.:55 However, after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937 resources and materials for motorcycle construction became increasingly scarce, and in 1939 Miyata's Kamata plant was converted by the government to produce components for military aircraft.:56 The AA sold an estimated 40,000 units from 1933-39.
Miyata again resumed production of motorcycles after the Second World War. Through the 1950s the company released the HA and the Golden Beam FA/2, both with a 249cc four-stroke motor, as well as a model with a 344cc single-cylinder motor, and various two-cylinder two-stroke motors. Miyata manufactured its last motorcycles in 1964.
Many say Miyata pioneered triple butting, and revolutionized frame building techniques. The first Miyatas were bolt-upright town bikes. Over the decades, Miyata established a good foothold in the bicycle market, becoming contracted by multiple local brands to build their bicycles and ultimately attracting Panasonic Corporation to become a shareholder in 1959.
Panasonic Corporation, for a period the manufacturer of National and Panasonic brand bicycles, was Miyata's largest shareholder from 1959 until 2008, when it sold its remaining stake in Miyata.
Huffy Bicycle Serial Numbers
Miyata in the U.S.
Throughout the U.S. bike boom of the 1970s and into the 1980s, Miyata competed with American companies including Schwinn, Huffy, and Murray; European companies including Raleigh, Peugeot and Motobecane — as well as other nascent Japanese brands including Nishiki, Fuji, Bridgestone, Centurion, Lotus and Univega — whose bikes were manufactured by Miyata. Japanese-manufactured bikes succeeded in the U.S. market until currency fluctuations in the late 1980s made them less competitive, leading companies to source bicycles from Taiwan.
Late 1970s to mid-1980s Miyata bikes have high-quality Japanese lugged steel frames and Shimano or Suntour components.
Miyata models carried numeric names (e.g., Miyata 710). By the late 1970s Miyata began using the same names, writing out the numeric names (e.g., Miyata Seven Ten).
Generally, 90 and 100 series were sports/entry level bicycles. 200 and 600 series and the 1000 model were touring bicycles, with the level of bicycle increasing with first digit in the series. In general, a 200 series touring bicycle would be roughly equivalent to a 300 series competition/fitness bicycle in terms of component levels, frame materials and value. 300, 400, 500, 700, 900 series were mid-range competition/fitness bicycles — with the level of quality increasing with first digit in the series. The top line, pro series bicycles were named non-numerically (e.g., Team Miyata and Pro Miyata). 1000 series and X000 series bicycles, with the notable exception of the 1000 touring model, were competition/fitness models with non-ferrous frames.
Often (but not always) the last two digits of the model number indicated the number of available gears, e.g., 912 was a 9-series 12 speed and a 914 was a 9 series 14 speed.
- Miyata 9x: This was the bottom of the range, entry-level model. Triple butted tubing, Shimano/Suntour entry-level components.
- Miyata 1xx: Low-level model aimed at the casual consumer. Chromoly triple-butted main tubes, hi-ten stays, toe clips/straps, available in both men's and mixte styles.
- Miyata 2xx: A popular lower-end touring model. 1984 catalogue indicated the 210 used straight-gauge tubing, Dia-Compe cantilever brakes and Shimano triple drive train. By 1985, the 210 featured triple-butted chromoly tubing in the frame, with a Mangalight fork. Later models used 700 wheels; earlier models used 27' wheels. Braze-ons on front and rear dropouts (no low-rider braze-ons in front), cantis front and rear, horizontal rear dropouts, one bottle braze-on, rear rack braze-ons, and flat-top fork crown. There were also special models such as the 215ST (both traditional and mixte styles).
- Miyata 3xx: A mid-range road bike model from the 'Semi-Pro' group, with Shimano 105 brakes, derailleurs, and shifters. The 105 was also shown with an arrow-like graphic. The Miyata 310/312 had a shorter wheelbase than the touring models, but with clearance for fenders and wider tires and is sometimes called a 'sport-touring' model (a comfortable model for day rides and commuting). Features included double- or triple-butted Cr-Mo tubing (depending on year), 525 Crown, SR CTD handlebars, and Araya rims. Earlier models had hi-tensile steel forks, but later forks were 'Mangalight' manganese alloy. Some years are equipped with an 'aero-style' shifters, mounted on a single brazed-on post on top of the down tube.
- Miyata 5xx Competition (part of the 'Semi-Pro' group): A higher-end road bike than the 310/312, with more 'aggressive' geometry.
- Miyata 6xx: A quality touring model, one step down from the 1000, with slightly different frame geometry and lower level components. Mid-1980s 610s have triple-butted splined Chromoly frame tubing, an unusually high quality tubing and construction for its price level. This bike is slightly lighter in weight than Trek 520/720 touring bikes, but of similar quality.
- Miyata 7xx: A mid- to high-end road bike from the 'Semi-Pro' group. Early models had Suntour parts, including an odd 3-wheel rear derailleur, possibly using the same frameset as the 910.
- Miyata 9xx: Miyata's high-end road bike from the 'Semi-Pro' group, with Shimano 600 components.
- Miyata 1000: Touring bike with splined, triple-butted Chromo tubing. Some report the 610 to be stiffer than the 1000. 1997 model had a mix of Shimano 600 and Deore XT parts (600 DT shifters, XT derailleurs). Noted bicycle authority Sheldon Brown called the Miyata 1000 'possibly the finest off-the-shelf touring bike available at the time'. The 1000 was marketed in the U.S. from the late 1970s and marketed in North America until about 1993.
- Miyata 1400: A high-end road bike sold only as a 1989 model with Shimano 600 components. It was higher-end than the 914 that was sold in the same year. Unlike the aluminum 1400A, the 1400 used Miyata's CrMo triple-butted construction.
- Miyata Cross: A top-of-the-line 'cross' bikes (which included the Alumicross, Quickcross, Sportcross, and Triplecross). The Alumicross was introduced in the late 1980s with standard-size aluminum main tubes bonded to steel lugs and a Chromo fork. Seat and chain stays are steel, with the seat post binder bolt holding the seat stays to the seat post lug. The Quick, Sport, and Triplecross were triple-butted cromoly.
- Miyata Pro/Team/1200: These are the high-end race ready models (Team Miyata, Miyata Pro, etc.)
Miyata's frames manufactured in Japan since 1972 have been stamped with a serial number, the first letter of which indicates the year of production.
Univega Bicycle Serial Numbers Lookup Free
|Letter code||Production year||Letter code||Production year|
The Miyata brand still exists and, while it is no longer distributed in the United States, it had until 2010 a joint venture with the Dutch Koga brand,a Dutch bicycle manufacturer, established in Heerenveen Netherlands, under the name Koga-Miyata . Koga is nowadays part of the Accell Group.
In late 2011, Miyata announced plans to once again sell bicycles under its own Miyata Japon brand. Its new frames were based on the Koga Miyata frame on which Peter Winnen won the Alpe d'Huez stage of the 1981 Tour de France. Each custom-ordered frame was to be hand-built and made with Miyata's traditional chromoly steel process, featuring Campagnolo components, at its Chigasaki factory.
Although demand for Miyata unicycles outside Japan has diminished in recent years due to a wider range of quality unicycles becoming available, Miyatas were once considered to be a highly desirable unicycle because of their quality of manufacturing and well designed saddle during times when choice was often limited to expensive custom-made unicycles or extremely poor quality products sold in department stores. Miyata unicycles are now uncommon among non-Japanese riders due to the surging popularity of riding styles such as Muni (Mountain Unicycling) and Street/Trials riding, which Miyatas are largely unsuitable for, however Miyata is still the unicycle of choice in Japan where riders tend to be more interested in Freestyle riding and Artistic Unicycling, this coupled with the fact that unicycling is taught in Japanese schools as part of physical education has secured Miyata a continuing place in today's unicycle market.
Miyata currently manufacture a range of unicycles with wheel sizes ranging from 14 to 24 inch, models are available for beginner and intermediate riders up to expensive high end cycles with carbon fibre frames. Miyata makes custom frames to order and also sells a five-foot Giraffe version of their popular Flamingo model.
- ^'Company Profile'. Miyata Cycle. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- ^'Company Overview'. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- ^ abcdefgAlexander, Jeffrey W (2008). Japan's Motorcycle Wars: An Industry History. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press. ISBN978-0-7748-1453-9.
- ^1981 Miyata catalog (USA)
- ^ abcWalker, Mick (2002). Mick Walker's Japanese Grand Prix Racing Motorcycles. Redline Books. ISBN0-953-1311-8-1.
- ^Long, Brian (2007). Mazda MX-5 Miata: The Book of the World's Favourite Sportscar. Veloce Publishing. p. 38. ISBN978-1-84584-043-3.
- ^ ab'Asahi AA Motorcycle'. 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology. Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- ^Hicks, Roger (2006). Die internationale Enzyklopädie (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch-Verlag. ISBN978-3-613-02660-5.
- ^Ewald, S (1999). Enzyklopädie des Motorrads (in German). Augsburg: Bechtermünz Verlag. ISBN3-8289-5364-6.
- ^日本自動車百年史 [100 years of Japanese History before Automobile] (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 17, 2010.
- ^'Panasonic to Sell Stake in Bicycle Maker Miyata'. Japancorp.net. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012.
- ^RoadBike Review's Forum Archives
- ^'Miyata Info'. smasher.net. Archived from the original on May 26, 2009. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- ^Miyata Hierarchy at bikeforums.net
- ^Brown, Sheldon. Allen, John (ed.). 'Japanese Bicycles in the U.S. Market'. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- ^'Miyata: Japanese road bicycle legend re-born'. cyclingiq.com. January 26, 2012.
- ^'68ème Tour de France 1981'. Memoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012.
- ^'日本の伝説のロードバイクが今、蘇る。本物が持つレトロ感「THE MIYATA」' [Japanese legendary road bike revived]. GQ Japan (in Japanese). January 24, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miyata.|
- Miyata Cycle official website(in English)